The brain is the most complex organ in the body and has approximately 100 billion neurons, which are nerve cells. These neurons gather and transmit electrochemical signals. Between the neurons are chemical messengers called neurotransmitters that trigger responses in the transmitting and receiving neurons. It is the neurotransmitters which are at the root of ADHD, as these messengers do not go where they are supposed to go and they often react erratically. When acting erratically, they either cannot bridge the gap between the neurons, take too long to convey the signal or they connect the wrong two neurons. This is what leads to ADHD behaviour.
Recent research has shown that mindfulness training can be adapted for people who are diagnosed with ADHD and in trials mindfulness training has been shown to improve the concentration levels in individuals with ADHD, as well as children without ADD/ADHD.
If you have already worked with children or have your own children/grandchildren then you will know that anything that encourages children to self-regulate their sometimes unsettled emotions is a very helpful skill, especially so in a formal classroom environment where one child’s unsettled emotions can set a few of the other children off as well.
If you follow this link , you can read a study in the Journal of Child and Family Studies which discusses the effectiveness of mindfulness training for children with ADHD and simultaneous training in mindful parenting for the children’s parents.
With a few small modifications to some of the mindfulness exercises, like starting a meditation practice by meditating for shorter periods of time and practicing mindfulness exercises which use visual aids (many individuals with ADD/ADHD are visual learners), mindfulness can be enjoyed by children with ADHD and be of great benefit to them.
Here are some simple mindfulness exercises you might like to try:
To introduce mindfulness to your family or children at school ask them to sit quietly and try to observe the following:
- Sounds in the environment.
- Details of their breath.
- Body sensations, for example a sore foot, uncomfortable shoulder, or aching stomach.
- Looking closely at their immediate environment. What do they see now, that they may not have seen before.
Introducing mindfulness to your home environment has to be approached in a unique way as unlike adults, not many children will just sit down on a mat, close their eyes and start focusing on their breathing bringing their awareness to the present moment.
Activities which require movement such as yoga or tasks which focus on the five senses are all appropriate means of teaching a child to be more mindful. Guided meditations such as the body scan are all helpful in teaching individuals to live in the present moment and be more aware of how they feel and how their feelings and reactions to stimuli will impact the word around them. Remember to keep this shorter for more energetic children. They will not want to sit or lie down for long.
Other ways of cultivating mindfulness in children are, practicing a musical instrument, reading a book and doing artwork.
Colouring mandalas or pictures from a colouring book are great ways to be mindful. These activities are considered mindful as they require the individual to be “focusing in the moment”. If your child prefers building things then building with lego, or building something outside in nature, like a hide, or mandala made out of items found in nature can also add an element of adventure as they run around looking for the correct materials to build with.
Do you remember this game from your childhood? I do!
Memory game – noticing the finer details.
Select a number of objects which you can lay out on a tray. Ask the children to memorise the objects for a minute and then close their eyes, whilst you pack the objects away. How many objects can they remember? Can they describe the objects in detail – colour, size?
This memory game will encourage children to focus and pay attention to things in detail as opposed to just casually noticing something and not really noticing the finer details around them.
It is worth remembering that mindfulness is an enjoyable and natural skill and we need to provide the right environment and encouragement to the children in our lives to enable this skill to develop.
Children are very distracted by how busy our lives are with televisions and radios blaring, traffic noise, constant talking, phones ringing, text messages, Facebook and various other app notifications going off and noise in general. If you live in a city and you sit quietly for a moment, notice just how many different noises you can hear. Our lives are filled with noise. All this noise makes it more difficult to stay focused and comes between our natural ability to be focused on real life.